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Hallasan Mountain

홈 > Jeju Island Biosphere Reserve > Hallasan Mountain

Hallasan Mountain

Representing Jeju Island, Hallasan Mountain is the highest mountain in South Korea, reaching 1,950 meters high. It stands at the center of, and actually comprises the whole of Jeju Island. Baengnokdam crater can be seen at the top of the volcano. Around the mountain's peak there are more than 40 volcanic cones called 'Oreum'. Since its designation as a National Park in 1970, the landmark volcano's biodiversity has remained intact. The flora is well distributed, ranging vertically through subtropical, temperate, frigid and alpine zones. The entire mountain is an ecological treasure.

 

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Biodiversity in Hallasan Mountain

Jeju's flora is made up of plants that generally spread south from the continent, plants distributed in China and Japan and also plants originated from tropical and subtropical regions growing in a variety of climates, the result being a great variety of plant species inhabit Jeju relative to its total land area. Moreover, since 1,950-meter-high Mt.Hallasan dominates the center of the island, diverse plants are distributed according to altitude. Generally, indeciduous broadleaf forest, deciduous broadleaf forest, and plants found in subpolar or subalpine zones are well mixed at an altitude of 600m, from 600 to 1,400m, and from 1,400 to 1,950m, respectively.

There are many subspecies slightly different from original ones because Hallasan Mountain remained isolated from the continent over time. Roe deer, the lagest mammals on Hallasan Mountain, were once endangered; nowadays however, they can be found everywhere on Hallasan Mountain since their population has greatly increaed recently. Meanwhile, as there is a huge difference between climate zones depending in altitude, polar and tropical habitant animals live together in the mountain. For instance, the polar-zone animal Hipparchia autonoe, and subtropical animals such as Hypolimnas misippus and Junonia orthya, can be seen at the same place.

 

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